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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2000;27(2):147-153.
Published online March 1, 2000.
Effect of Vitamin C on the Random Flap Survival in the Rat.
Chan Yeong Heo, Ra Yong Ko, Rong Min Baek, Kap Sung Oh, Joon Choe
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Inje University.
Abstract
Vitamin C acts as a antioxidants and as free radical scavengers in biological systems. The objective of this study was to examine whether the administration of vitamin C could improve the skin flap survival. Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were divided into 4 groups (n = 10); normal saline, vitamin C 200 mg/day, vitamin C 500 mg/day, vitamin C 1000 mg/day were injected subcutaneously to each group (n = 10). A classic caudally based random flap (2 X 7 cm) was elevated on the dorsum of rats and then sutured to its normal position. On the 3rd, 7th, 14th days postoperatively each animal was evaluated for percentage area of flap survival by paper template technique, thereafter rats were sacrificed and we obtained tissue from the distal ends of the flap. Following is our results. 1) The experimental group treated with vitamin C revealed an increased rate of random pattern skin flap survival compared with the control group (p < 0.005). 2) There was correlation of vitamin C dosage with flap survival rate (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.971). 3) The biopsy of the control group showed extensive atrophy and necrosis. However, New capillary proliferation and collagen deposition were noted in the vitamin C 200 mg and 500mg treated group. In the vitamin 1000 mg group, microscopic findings were very alike compared with normal rat skin texture. Finally, we concluded that the Vitamin C supplement increases survival rate of random pattern flap in rat skin flap model, and flap survival is correlated with vitamin C dosage.
Keywords: Vitamin C; Random flap; Flap survival
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