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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2005;32(2):189-193.
Published online March 1, 2005.
The Role of Pericranial Flap in Surgery of Craniosynostosis.
Jun Hee Byeon, Young Min Yim, Gyeol Yoo
Department of Plastic Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. psyg@catholic.ac.kr
Abstract
Reconstruction of calvarial bone defects from congenital anomaly or from bone loss due to traumatic or neoplastic processes remains a significant problem in craniofacial surgery and neurosurgery. To facilitate bone regeneration, there have been many trials such as autologous bone graft or allograft, and the addition of demineralized bone matrix and matrix-derived growth factor. Guided bone regeneration is one of the methods to accelerate bone healing for calvarial bone defects especially in children. Pericranium is one of the most usable structure in bone regeneration. It protects the dura and sinus, and provides mechanical connection between bone fragments. It supplies blood to bone cortex and osteoprogenitor cells and enhances bone regeneration. For maximal effect of pericranium in bone regeneration, authors used pericranium as a flap for covering calvarial defects in surgeries of 11 craniosynostosis patients and achieved satisfactory results: The bone regeneration of original cranial defect in one year after operation was 74.6%(+/-8.5%). This pericranial flap would be made more effectively by individual dissection after subgaleal dissection rather than subperiosteal dissection. In this article, we reviewed the role of pericranium and reported its usefulness as a flap in surgery of craniosynostosis to maximize bone regeneration.
Keywords: Pericranial flap; Craniosynostosis
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