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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2005;32(1):105-109.
Published online January 1, 2005.
Perineal Reconstruction with the Perineal Perforator Based Island Flap.
Hae Min Lee, Jeong Tae Kim, Weon Jung Hwang
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. jtkim@hanyang.ac.kr
Perineal area is composed of compact structures of urogenital organs and anus requiring a more sophisticated selection of flap and reconstruction. For achieving better outcome then conventional flap surgery, we use the perineal perforator based island flap for its reconstruction. After locating the perforator by Doppler, the flaps were designed according to the defect or expected vaginal orifice. The flaps were elevated bilaterally as island pattern. Finally defect or neovagina was reconstructed with inconspicious linear scar hidden in the inguinal crease. Five cases were performed with the perineal perforator based island flap. There were 3 cases of vulvar cancer, 1 case of transsexualism, and 1 case of ambiguous genitalia because of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Operative results were satisfactory with good contouring and less prominent donor scar, when they were compared with other flap reconstructions such as latissimus dorsi perforator flap, groin flap, gracilis myocutaneous flap etc. The perineal perforator based island flap is highly recommended with the advantages of easy flap elevation, good rotation arc, and appropriate flap thickness for contouring. Compared with other conventional flaps, it can be selected as a good option for moderate defect of perineal area.
Keywords: Perforator based Island flap; Perineal reconsruction
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