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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2008;35(2):208-213.
Published online March 1, 2008.
Reconstruction of the Soft Tissue Defect of the Lower Leg by Distally Based Superficial Sural Artery Fasciocutaneous Island Flap Using Supercharged Vein.
Young In Ha, Hwan Jun Choi, Chang Yong Choi, Yong Bae Kim
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Korea.medi619@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
Distally based superficial sural artery island flap has some disadvantages such as postoperative flap edema, congestion, and partial necrosis of the flap margin. Venous congestion is an area of considerable concern in distally based superficial sural artery fasciocutaneous flap and is one of the main reasons for failure, particularly when a large flap is needed. However, we could decrease these disadvantages by means of venous superdrainage. METHODS: From June of 2006 to June of 2007, a total of two patients with soft tissue defects of lower one third of the leg underwent venous supercharging distally based superficial sural artery island flap transfer. The distal pivot point of this flap was designed at septocutaneous perforator from the peroneal artery of the posterolateral septum, which was 5cm above the tip of the lateral malleolus. Briefly, this technique is performed by anastomosing the proximal end of the lesser saphenous vein and collateral vein to any vein in the area of the recipient defect site.
RESULTS
No venous congestion was noted in any of the two cases. No other recipient or donor-site complications were observed, except for minor wound dehiscence in one case. In 3 to 6 months follow-up, patients had minor complaints about lack of sensation in the lateral dorsal foot.
CONCLUSION
The peroneal artery perforator is predictable and reliable for the design of a distally based superficial sural artery island flap. Elevation of the venous supercharging flap is safe, easy, and less time consuming. In conclusion, the venous supercharging distally based superficial sural artery island flap offers an alterative to free tissue transfer for reconstruction of the lower extremity.
Keywords: Distally based superficial sural artery flap; Venous supercharging; Fasciocutaneous flap; Island flap; Distally based sural flap
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