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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2007;34(5):587-592.
Published online September 1, 2007.
Great Toe Pulp Graft for the Reconstruction of the Postburn Flexion Contracture in the Fingers.
Je Won Seo, Ho Kwon, Young Min Yim, Sung No Jung
Department of Plastic Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Gyunggi, Korea. jsn7190@catholic.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
In case of postburn flexion contracture of the fingers, skin graft, geometrical relaxation techniques, local flap, and free flap have been used. Among these procedures, full-thickness skin grafts from the inguinal area are widely used to reconstruct a postburn flexion contracture in the fingers. But there are many esthetic and functional problems in this procedure. Especially, hyperpigmentation of the skin-grafted fingers poses a troublesome problem, particularly in the patients who have dark colored skin. To solve the problem, we have used pulp graft which was harvested from the lateral aspect of great toe. In the present study, we report pulp graft, with which we have obtained a good result in the treatment of postburn flexion contracture of the fingers. METHODS: Between September of 2004 and August of 2006, great toe pulp graft was performed to 20 sites of 15 patients. After release of the postburn flexion contracture using Z-plasty, the composite tissue (pulp) harvested from the lateral aspect of great toe was grafted on the raw surface. Moisture dressing with ointment and foam dressing material was performed. Stratum corneum of the graft got stripped off in two to four weeks after pulp graft. The color of the pulp graft was slightly reddish, then it became similar to the adjacent tissue.
RESULTS
There was complete take in all the patients who were treated with pulp graft. Great toe pulp graft provided similar color and texture to the adjacent skin, high rate of graft take, and left only a minimal scar at donor site.
CONCLUSION
Thick keratin layer and inelastic nature of the pulp make this type of the graft much easier and simpler, and ensure a better take. Pulp graft is useful method for the reconstruction of the postburn flexion contracture in fingers.
Keywords: Burn; Contracture; Pulp; Finger
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