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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2006;33(5):531-535.
Published online September 1, 2006.
Retroangular Flap for Midface Reconstruction.
Nak Heon Kang, Seung Han Song, Seung Ryul Lee, Sang Ha Oh, Young Joon Seo
1Departments of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. djplastic@cnuh. co.kr
2Departments of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
To report our experience of retro-angular flap for reconstruction of the midface defect. The midface, including nose, lower eyelid, and intercanthal area, is the very prominent area of face. Also midface is more vulnerable to trauma and skin cancer and defect of mid face of highly perceptible. Reconstruction of mid face is difficult because of complexity of anatomy and functions. Following factors should be considered in reconstructive prcedure of midface. First, multiple procedure may need for complete the reconstruction of mid face defect. Second, secondary reconstructive surgeries such as flap rotation or skin graft may need for donor site morbidity. Third, the color, texture and thickness of the skin used are not always complacency. METHODS: 8 cases of the midface defects (3 cases of lower eyelid, 1 case of intercanthal area, and 4 cases of nose) from skin cancer were reconstructed with retroangular flap from March 2004 to August 2005.
Satisfactory result were obtained in color, texture and donor site scar. There was no major complication such as wound disruption, hematoma, and atrophy of flap. But partial necrosis of flap and bulkiness were observed one case in each. Retroangular flap is simple procedure that can be preceded in one stage under local anesthesia closing primary wound closure. It will leave less visible donor scar, acceptable color, texture and thickness of the skin.
The retro-angular flap could be suggested as a safe and effective method for midface reconstruction.
Keywords: Retroangular flap; Midface reconstruction
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