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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2005;32(6):727-732.
Published online November 1, 2005.
The Efficiency of VAC(Vacuum-Assisted Closure) in Non-healing Wound.
Jung Min Park, Yong Seok Kwon, Ki Hwan Jung, Keun Cheol Lee, Seok Kwun Kim, Won Suk An
1Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busna, Korea. jmpark@daunet.donga.ac.kr
2Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busna, Korea.
Abstract
The treatment of wounds of the lower extremity caused by diabetes or vascular dysfunction remains a difficult problem for the plastic surgeon. The use of negative pressure in wound healing is a relatively new method to facilitate chronic wound healing by secondary healing. The use of vacuum-assisted closure(VAC) system is purposed to reduce local edema, increase regional blood flow, enhance epithelial migration, preserve a moist wound environment, reduce bacterial colonization, promote granulation tissue formation, and mechanically enhance wound closure. The VAC also can be used as a dressing for anchoring an applied split thickness skin graft. We reviewed the data from 20 consecutive patients with non-healing wound in lower extremity at Dong-A University from March 2002 to December 2004. We used the VAC in 20 patients and compared the results with the control group. In the VAC using group, mean application duration was about 3 weeks and dressing change was done every other day. The follow-up period of patients ranged from 3 months to 30 months with a mean of 17 months. The points of comparison with control group are wound size, granulation tissue proliferation rate, operation method, preoperative time, postoperative healing time, complication, and cost. With those points, we propose to approve the efficiency of the VAC in non- healing wound. As a result, the VAC used in non-healing wound decrease wound size, accelerate granulation tissue formation, do a wound closure with less invasive operation method, make less postoperative complication, can make operation time shorter. Therefore it is cost effect. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of VAC as an adjunct in management of chronic wounds with other extrinsic factors.
Keywords: Vacuum-assisted closure
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