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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2011;38(2):173-181.
Published online March 1, 2011.
Anatomical Measurement of the Masseter Muscle and Surface Mapping of the Maximal Thickness Point Using Computed Tomography Analysis.
Hyeun Woo Suh, Hyo Seong Kim, Ki Young Ha, Boo Yeong Kim, Nam Seok Pae, Tae Yeon Kim
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. kty@dmc.or.kr
Masseter muscle is an important muscle of mastication. Because it has a great influence on the shape of low facial contour, patients who have masseteric hypertrophy show square-shaped jaw appearance. As aesthetic procedures for the reduction of the masseter muscle volume, radiofrequency ablation or botulinium toxin injection is at the center of attention. Authors studied the anatomical measurement of the thickness and width of masseter muscle and the surface mapping of the maximal thickness point using computed tomography(CT) scan to identify the useful guide for the injection of botulinum toxin in masseteric hypertrophy patients. METHODS: We analyzed 2 mm-thickness OMU(ostiomeatal unit) CT of 112 normal people(224 masseter muscles) taken from June 2009 to May 2010. First, we measured the thickness, width and depth of the masseter muscle from the skin surface and analysed each by side, sex and age, respectively. The distribution of the thickness of the muscle and the correlation of thickness and width of the muscle were studied also. Second, we underwent surface mapping of the maximal thickness point using CT analysis by means of checking the vertical and horizontal distance from the angle of the mandible.
The average thickness and width of the masseter muscle was 17.73 mm and 40.78 mm in the male patients and were 14.33 mm and 37.42 mm in the female patients. Statistically, both figures of the male patients were larger than those of the female patients. However, the depth of the muscle from the skin surface in female patients (7.37 mm) was larger than that of the male patients(6.15 mm). There were no statistical difference in side or age. The width and thickness of the masseter muscle were in the positive correlation. The location of maximal thickness point of the masseter muscle was 27.77 mm vertically and 27.68 mm horizontally in the male patients, and 25.19 mm vertically and 25.42 mm horizontally in the female patients from the angle of mandible.
We were able to present statistical evidence of the diagnosis and treatment of the masseteric hypertrophy regarding the anatomical measurements such as the thickness and width. And the maximal thickness point of the masseter muscle may be a useful guide for the clinical procedures of botulinium toxin injection.
Keywords: Masseter muscle; Hypertrophy
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