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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2009;36(6):761-766.
Published online November 1, 2009.
Secondary Breast Reconstruction.
Hee Chang Ahn, Yong Su Ahn, Youn Hwan Kim, Seung Suk Choi
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. ahnhc@hanyang.ac.kr
Secondary breast reconstruction is defined as a whole reconstructive procedure to correct complications and to improve the aesthetics when a patient is dissatisfied with her initial reconstruction. We would like to present these particular procedures on previously failed breast reconstruction with analysis of unsatisfactory results. METHODS: From June 2002 to August 2008, we performed secondary breast reconstructions for 10 patients with failed breasts. Six patients with implant failure underwent secondary breast reconstructions using free TRAM flaps after the removal of implants. Two patients with partial loss of pedicled TRAM flaps underwent secondary breast reconstruction using Latissimus Dorsi flaps. Two patients with 1 total loss of free TRAM flap and 1 extensive fat necrosis underwent secondary breast reconstruction using implants.
The average age of the patients were 36.4 years (26 - 47 years). All flaps survived completely and had relatively good aesthetic results in free TRAM cases. There was breast asymmetry in one patient using cohesive gell implants in total loss of previously free TRAM patient, which was corrected by exchanging the implants and placing dermofat grafts.
Secondary breast reconstruction differs from primary procedures in several aspects; there are changes in the anatomy and tissue environment of the breasts, and various limitations in choosing reconstruction methods. In addition, the patients may be uncomfortable with previous complication. It is important to consider various factors before deciding to undergo a secondary breast reconstruction carefully with informed consent.
Keywords: Secondary breast reconstruction
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