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Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 2001;28(3):233-240.
Published online May 1, 2001.
Tissue Engineered Cartilage Formation using Human Hyaline Chondrocytes and Elastic Chondrocytes.
Dong Pill Shin, Eun Hee Han, Jae Woo Park, Shin Yoon Kim, Do Won Kim, In Soo Suh, Jung Ok Lim, Woon Yi Baek, Byung Chae Cho
1Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea.
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea.
3Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea.
4Department of Surgical Pathology, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea.
5Medical Research Institute, Kyungpook National University, Hospital.
6Department of Anestelogy, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different types of PLGA scaffolds on the formation of human auricular and septal cartilages. The scaffolds were formed in tubular shape from 110,000 g/mol PLGA (poly lactic glycolic acid) and 220,000 g/mol one. Elastic cartilage was taken from the ear of a patient aged under 20 years old and hyaline cartilage from the nasal septum. The chondrocytes cells were then isolated by Klausburn method. After second passages, the chondrocytes were seeded on the PLGA scaffolds followed by in vitro culture for one week. The cells-PLGA scaffold complex was implanted at the back of nude mouses for 8 weeks. The tissue engineered cartilages were separated from nude mouse and examined histologically after staining with the Hematoxylin Eosin and Verhoeff. The formation of extracellular matrix and the porosity of the scaffolds were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The pores were well formed and uniformly distributed in both 110,000 g/mol and 220,000 g/mol PLGA scaffolds. The extracellular matrix was formed better in 110,000 g/mol PLGA compared to 220,000 g/mol one. And hyaline cartilage was proliferated better in vitro culture than elastic cartilage. After 8 weeks in vivo culture, cartilage was well formed with 110,000 g/mol PLGA, however lumen was collapsed. In contrast with 220,000 g/mol PLGA scaffold, neocartilage was formed in minimal amount while the architecture of scaffold was well preserved. Elastic cartilage seems to be better than hyaline one in terms of neocartilage formation. From the analysis after Verhoeff staining the cartilages, the neocartilage from elastic cartilage was proved to be elastic cartilage. In summary, there was no significant difference between elastic cartilage and hyaline cartilage in their morphologies, proliferation rates and the degree of cartilage formation since they were tissue engineered, however marked difference was found in neocartilage formation and preservation of scaffold architecture between 110,000 g/mol PLGA scaffold and 220,000 one. From the present findings, it is concluded that the influence of scaffold materials is significantly higher than that of different types of cells on the formation of new tissues.
Keywords: Neocartilage formation; Human; Hyaline cartilage; Elastic cartilage; PLGA
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